San Pietro di Castello is actually an island, located in Venice. You
can visit this island by going through any one of the two bridges
from mainland Venice. It was named castello because the island used
to be the home of a sixth-century castle, which was turned into the
seat of the Bishop of Venice when the seventh century rolled around.
One of the most ominous structures on
the island is the Basilica of San Pietro di Castello. The island
used to be named Olivolo, and served as the first community of the
city of Venice. This was where the religious, political, and commercial
hubs were located. The first structure that was created was made
in the honor of Sergio and Bacchus, and the newer version of the
church was then dedicated to St. Peter the Apostle.
The church has undergone numerous restorations
and renovations throughout the years since it was built. The façade
was done by Andrea Smeraldi, who continued the work of Andrea Palladio,
who worked on the façade in 1556. The basilica used to be
called the Cathedral of Venice until 1807, when the name was changed
to the Basilica of St. Mark.
One of the basilica's major features is none other
than its bell tower, made of Istria stone by Mauro Codussi from
1482 to 1488. The floor plan of the church resembles that of a Latin
cross. It has a single nave that is capped by a deep chancel, and
two aisles with their own side chapels.
Various sculptures and monuments adorn the different
areas of the chapel, and paying the island and the church a visit
will surely be worth your while when you're in Venice.