known as Forum Romanum, or Forum Magnum to the Romans, the Roman Forum
was once the center of ancient development in Rome, where all transactions
related to commerce and business, and even prostitution, would take
place. Various cult activities and justice administration was also
held in the Forum during those days.
flooring used to be just marshy ground, which the Tarquins drained
with the Cloaca Maxima. The travertine paving that dates back to
the time of Augustus can still be found on the Forum to this day.
Tourists flock to this structure for the remains, to see how the
Romans made use of the available urban space.
The Roman Forum houses numerous temples, monuments,
and ancient ruins, including: Temple of Castor and Pollux, Temple
of Jupiter, Temple of Romulus, Temple of Saturn, Temple of Venus
and Roma, Basilica Aemilia, Basilica Julia, Arch of Septimius Severus,
Arch of Titus, Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, Tabularium.
The Forum Romanum is found in a valley that lies
between the Palatine Hill and the Capitoline Hill. It was turned
into a cattle field when the Roman Empire fell.
Thankfully, though, many leaders decided to rebuild
the structures or at least, preserve them. Pope Urban V from Avignon
led the rebuilding trend. Eventually, artists were drawing the ruins
in the Forum, and some were copying inscriptions that dated back
to the 16th century. But the clearing of the Forum began with Carlo
Fea, who cleared the debris from the Arch of Septimius Severus,
followed by archeologists from the Napoleonic regime.