An administrative region in north-central Italy, Emilia-Romagna is
actually composed of two regions that were eventually combined into
one. Just west of the Adriatic Sea, the region is comprised of eight
provinces in total. Located in Emilia are Bologna, which is the region's
capital, along with Ferrera, Modena, Parma, and Piacenza. In Romagna
on the other hand, are the provinces of Forlì and Ravenna.
Emilia was named after the Roman road
that cut through the region, from Piacenza and Rimini, called the
Aemilian Way. On the other hand, Romagna comes from the word Romània
when one of its provinces, Ravenna, was under the Byzantine Empire
in the 6th century. It was only in 1860 when Emilia and Romagna
were included in the kingdom of Sardinia. A year later, it became
the kingdom of Italy.
Mostly agricultural, Emilia-Romagna is a healthy
region, with a bustling food industry due to the abundance of cattle
and hog breeding, in addition to various crops such as grain, corn,
potatoes, onions, tomatoes and fruits. Perhaps the most popular
of this regions agricultural produce are its wines from its plush
vineyards. With a long heritage of culinary art, tourism is also
highly evident especially along the Adriatic coastline.
To support its agricultural economy, it has developed
its transportation and electrical industries. Sufficient hydroelectric
power and an impeccable transportation circuit has been the key
to major leaps in commerce. Processed food, motor vehicles, farm
machinery, electrical equipment, refined petroleum, and chemicals
are among the regions manufacturing strengths.
Emilia-Romagna also boasts of beautiful beaches
like Marina di Romeo and Rimini, which help in drawing in more tourists.
Taking all of these into account, it is considered to be one the
more prosperous regions in the whole of Italy.